Brinjal-it is also called eggplant or aubergine. This vegetable has a unique spot in Indian food. If you grow brinjal on your farm, it won’t simply give a fresh supply of vegetables for the family yet gives a brilliant chance to small-scale farmers to generate income. This blog will inform you about the basics of brinjal cultivation alongside a few basic and practical tips for an effective harvest.
Picking the Right Variety:
To harvest an effective brinjal crop, choosing the right variety of brinjal is significant. Pusa Kranti, Pusa Purple Long and Pusa Purple Cluster are likely the most famous brinjal varieties found in India. Apart from this, one should keep elements like environment, soil type, and market interest as top priorities before picking an optimal brinjal variety in your region.
Preparation of the Soil:
Brinjals are said to flourish in well-drained and fertile soil. For soil preparation, you can begin with ploughing the farm using a Mahindra Novo tractor. It should be done to a depth of about 12 inches. After that, add organic matter to the field to improve its fertility. Also, the soil should be slightly acidic to a neutral pH level (6.0-7.0) for optimal growth.
Seed Selection and Germination:
During seed selection, high-quality brinjal seeds should be chosen from a reputable source. Those seeds should be well treated with a fungicide to prevent diseases before being planted. The germination cycle can be begun by putting the seeds in a nursery bed or seed plate. Thereafter, try to maintain good moisture in the soil. Within a week, you will notice healthy seedlings ready for transplanting.
When the seedlings range to a level of 4-6 inches, they are prepared to relocate into the main field. While transplanting seedlings, ensure to keep up with space of around 2.5 to 3 feet among plants and 3 to 4 feet distance between the rows. This will give adequate space for development and allow proper airflow.
Consistent moisture is required for the optimal growth of brinjal plants. Therefore, prefer to water them regularly, especially during dry spells. But the plants should not be waterlogged as it can rot the plant root. For an effective water system, farmers can utilize a drip water system. Not only is it a cost-effective practice, but it also ensures that the water reaches the root directly.
To help the blossoming and fruiting of the plants, applying manures in a decent proportion is essential. The fertilizers’ portion should incorporate a decent portion of potassium, phosphorus, and organic manure. Also, it should be given at regular intervals. For bringing fertilizers to the field, you can use a Mahindra OJA tractor connected to a trolley. You can even consider a foliar spray containing micro-nutrients to address any deficiencies.
Mulching is the best practice to save soil dampness, suppress weeds, and manage soil temperature. You can do so by simply applying a layer of natural mulch, including straw or dried leaves, around the foundation of the brinjal plants. With this simple technique, you can contribute a lot to the overall health of your crop.
Pest and Disease Management:
Keep an eye out for common pests like fruit borers and aphids. Use regular hunters, like ladybugs, and neem-based pesticides to control pesticide attacks. Regularly inspect the plants for signs of diseases like bacterial wilt and instantly remove and destroy impacted plants to prevent further spread.
Supporting Brinjal Plants:
As the brinjal plants develop, offer help to prevent the breakage of branches under the weight of the grown product. Use stakes or enclosures to help the plants, guaranteeing they stay upstanding all through the development season.
Harvesting is an important stage in the development of brinjal. You can begin harvesting when the organic products are firm, glossy, and have achieved their standard size. Use a sharp blade or pruning shears to cut the brinjal, leaving a short stem associated. Regular harvesting encourages continuous fruiting. You can bring your brinjal harvest to the market using a Mahindra XP Plus tractor connected to a trolley.
Brinjal cultivation, when approached with the right knowledge and techniques, can be a rewarding effort for Indian farmers. By following these simple yet effective steps, you can upgrade the yield and quality of your brinjal harvest. Keep in mind, patience and dedication are vital to a fruitful brinjal farming in India. Embrace the joy of growing this versatile vegetable and contribute to the agricultural prosperity of your community.
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