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Picot and EBP –

Welcome to, where we provide expert guidance on the use of PICOT and EBP for healthcare professionals. PICOT stands for Population/Patient, Intervention, Comparator, Outcome and Time; and EBP stands for Evidence-Based Practice. These two concepts are essential for any healthcare practitioner in providing the best possible care for their patients. Our blog post will cover the basics of PICOT and EBP, as well as discuss their importance in healthcare. Stay tuned for more information!

What is PICOT?

PICOT stands for Population, Intervention, Comparison, Outcome, and Time. It is a mnemonic used by healthcare providers and researchers to create well-constructed research questions that can lead to meaningful clinical outcomes. PICOT questions are a key part of Evidence-Based Practice (EBP), which is the practice of using current best evidence to make decisions about patient care. By utilizing PICOT and EBP, is able to identify, appraise, and apply best evidence to clinical practice in an effort to improve quality and safety.

How to Write a PICOT Question

At, we understand how important it is to have a clear PICOT question when conducting research. A PICOT question is a method used to frame and guide clinical questions, with the acronym representing Population, Intervention, Comparison, Outcome, and Time. Each letter of the acronym stands for a different element, which must be included in the question.

Population: Who are the participants in the study? For example, are they adults with a certain condition, or children of a particular age range?

Intervention: What is being studied or done? For instance, a medication or treatment approach.

Comparison: What is being compared? This could include a comparison of a drug to a placebo or no treatment at all.

Outcome: What results are you expecting from the intervention or comparison?

Time: How long is the study going to take place over?

By creating a PICOT question before beginning an Evidence Based Practice (EBP) search, you can ensure that your question is well-defined and focused. This helps to ensure that your search yields relevant results. Once you have written your PICOT question, you can use it to guide your EBP search and help evaluate the evidence you find.

How to Do an EBP Search

An Evidence-Based Practice (EBP) search is a key step in the EBP process. It helps to identify and locate the best evidence for your PICOT question. An EBP search can help ensure you are using the most up-to-date and reliable evidence available.

To do an EBP search, first identify the best databases to search for the type of research related to your PICOT question. You should consider which databases have the most relevant and current information, such as the Cochrane Library, Pub Med, CINAHL, and other specialized databases.

Once you have identified the best databases for your search, create a search strategy that includes the specific terms related to your PICOT question. This includes the population (P), intervention (I), comparison (C), outcome (O), and timeframe (T). For example, if your PICOT question is “In adults with type 2 diabetes, what is the effect of aerobic exercise compared to no exercise on glycemic control over six months?”, then your search terms might include: diabetes AND aerobic exercise AND glycemic control AND adults.

When conducting your search, you can use Boolean operators such as “AND”, “OR”, and “NOT” to refine your results. You can also use truncation (*)

 or proximal terms (~~) to broaden your results. After conducting your search, you should then carefully review the results and select the articles that best answer your PICOT question.

An EBP search is a crucial part of the evidence-based practice process and can help you identify the best evidence for answering your PICOT question.

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