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10 Major Causes of Testicular Pain Explained by Sexologist in Gurgaon

causes of testicular pain

The discomfort or pain in either or both testicles is known as testicular pain. It can range from moderate to severe and be either acute (sudden and severe) or chronic (long-lasting). Further, many causes of testicular pain involve injury, infection, and underlying medical disorders. However, it is essential to consult a Top sexologist in Gurgaon if you feel testicular pain, as it may indicate a significant condition that necessitates treatment.

This post will discuss Testicular pain in males, its causes, and testicular pain types. 

Types Of Testicular Pain

A person may suffer several distinct types of testicular pain. These consist of the following:

1. Acute Testicular Pain

Acute testicular pain is abrupt and intense testicular pain. Many reasons, including injury, infection, or testicular obstruction, can cause it.

2. Chronic Testicular Pain

Chronic testicular pain is a chronic and long-lasting discomfort that affects the testicles. It may be due to an infection, an accident, or a medical condition, among other things.

3. Painful Ejaculation

This is a form of testicular pain that happens during or immediately after ejaculation. It may be due to an infection, an accident, or a medical condition.

Causes Of Testicular Pain

1. Testicular Torsion

Testicular torsion is a medical emergency when the testicle twists, blocking its blood flow. Moreover, it can result in abrupt and severe testicular pain. Testicular torsion causes when the testicle twists on the spermatic cord, which supplies blood to the testicle from the stomach. If the testicle rotates multiple times, blood circulation may be completely obstructed, resulting in rapid destruction. Why testicular torsion arises is unclear.

Among the signs of testicular torsion are scrotum swelling, Nausea and vomiting, abdominal pain, etc.

2. Orchitis

Among the causes of testicular pain in male is Orchitis. So Orchitis is the inflammation of the testicles brought on by a bacterial or viral infection. Further, it can induce testicular inflammation and discomfort.

3. Epididymitis

Epididymitis is the inflammation of the epididymis, a tube that delivers sperm and is found behind the testicles. It can induce testicular inflammation and discomfort.

4. Varicocele

Among the causes of testicular pain is Varicocele. Varicocele is a benign enlargement of the veins located above the testicle. Further, Varicoceles can occasionally impede fertility and cause mild to moderate discomfort. If you see a protrusion over your testicle, particularly when standing or “bearing down,” you must consult a physician.

5. Hydrocele

Hydrocele is typically a benign fluid collection around the testicle. However, it might cause pressure or discomfort if it is sufficiently large. Although males can acquire a hydrocele after sustaining an injury, most men with hydroceles have no identifiable trauma or cause.

6. Hypogonadism

Occasionally, the testicles do not produce enough testosterone owing to an issue with the organs or the pituitary gland, which regulates testosterone production. Additionally, it may be due to old age, illness, injury, certain drugs, or physical issues such as chromosomal abnormalities or undescended testicles. 

Hypogonadism can result in impotence, diminished sexual desire, and infertility. In addition, it can result in reduced beard development, increased breast tissue, and menopause-like indications, such as mood swings and hot flashes.

7. Testicular Lump

A tumour or lump in the pubic region could also be the causes of testicular pain. So the primary sign of the condition is pubic swelling. Nevertheless, this problem’s other symptoms may resemble hernias and epididymitis. To have a clear image of the issue, a medical evaluation by a physician is necessary.

The following are some of the additional symptoms you may experience if you have a testicular tumour:

  • Excessive testicular enlargement
  • A sensation of a mass in the testicular region.
  • A dull discomfort in the groin area.

Diagnosis & Treatment

To identify the underlying causes of testicular pain, your healthcare professional will conduct a thorough medical history and physical examination. Further, the physical examination will concentrate on the following areas:

  • Abdomen/groin
  • Testicles
  • Penis
  • Scrotum

Based on the diagnosis, your physician may recommend multiple treatment options. The treatment may involve:

  • Pain relievers
  • If an infection is present, the doctors might prescribe antibiotics
  • Surgery for correcting testicular torsion, repairing an undescended testicle, minimising fluid collection, eradicating infected and dying tissue (gangrene), or eliminating malignancy.
  • Blockage of nerves and cord denervation


There are a variety of potential causes of testicular pain. Even a minor injury might produce testicular pain or discomfort due to the organ’s sensitivity. The testicle, the coiled tube, and the accompanying tissue behind the testicle may be the source of pain (epididymis). Yet, seeking on-time treatment can help you treat the discomfort. Getting medical attention if you feel testicular discomfort is essential since some of these conditions are significant and need treatment. Read more exciting article on

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